how deep to plant begonias

If there is still loose soil, allow the begonia to grow more. Transplant after all threat of frost has passed, as they are extremely frost tender and even temperatures below 50 degrees can cause damage. Photo by: Bozhena Melnyk / Shutterstock.com. If they are kept cool, you may notice they can tolerate a longer time without water. There are two general types of begonias: those grown from seeds, and those grown from tubers/bulbs. Although there can be some challenges, many will do quite well indoors. East-, west-, or south-facing windows are best. Among the various types of begonias, the Begonia rex are some of the most beautiful and stunning plants. If you would like, dig the hole deeper and add some compost right under the roots. First, always plant begonia corms concave side up (depression on top) either slightly above or level with the compost/soil surface. The key to getting a big plant with tons of blooms is getting an early start. Sturdy bloomers available in a range of colors including shades of yellow, red, orange, apricot, pink, and white. How to Grow Begonia Flowers Perennial, Begoniaceae. Transplant the tubers to a 5 inch diameter pot once the stems are 1 inch tall. Discover unique garden products curated by the Garden Design editors, plus items you can use to solve problems in your garden right now, and best sellers from around the web. Tuberous begonias are perfect for growing in pots, while fibrous rooted types are best for bedding displays and hanging begonias are best suited to hanging basket displays. Begonia plants are typically under 1 foot tall, with loads of colorful flowers up to 4 inches wide. All in all, begonias are not hard to grow and they're very easy to grow! Only plant outdoors when there is no longer a threat of frost. Sometimes called painted-leaf begonias or fancy-leaf begonias, these plants are known for their showy, sometimes jaw-dropping leaf coloration. They can handle some drought, but will perform their best with regular watering. Some are grown for their asymmetrical, patterned and variegated foliage, and others to add color to shady garden areas with their bright blooms. They’ll bloom from early summer until frost with clusters of slightly fragrant, light pink flowers, and they have large heart-shaped medium green leaves. Growing Tips For Begonias Begonia foliage emerges weeks after planting—and then come the flowers. Let them dry out slightly between waterings. Basics | Types | Planting | Care | Growing as Houseplants | Begonia Varieties | Design Ideas | FAQs. Water often and make sure soil is always moist. Slowly acclimate them to their new inside location by first placing in a bright window and gradually decreasing the amount of light. This will to help prevent stress, which causes the leaves to drop. Tuberous begonias will naturally die back each year. Even the most demanding and difficult to grow varieties have the same procedure for germination and transplanting. Get planting advice, garden design tips and trends, monthly checklists for your area, product specials and more in our weekly newsletter. Planting Begonias: Choose a good quality potting soil and a spot with full sun or shade. They grow 12 to 18 inches tall and wide and thrive in part shade to full shade locations. Photo by: Proven Winners. Though begonias like an environment similar to that for African violets and other houseplants, their thinner leaves means they are less tolerant of extremes than other, thicker-leaved plants. Give them a boost of humidity by setting the pots in a pebble tray (a low tray or saucer filled with pebbles and water, with the pot sitting on top of the pebbles and not directly in the water). To prevent powdery mildew, lightly dust them with sulfur powder and store individually in paper bags or wrapped in newspaper. The hollow side of the bulb should face up. Planting, growing and caring for these shade garden and houseplant superstars, Sign up for weekly gardening inspiration and design tips. Begonias can be planted right in the garden for a summer full of flowers or even in a pot. As an alternative, they grow well under grow lights. Tubers can be started indoors by placing the tubers, hollow side up, 1 inch apart in a shallow tray with moist potting mix. Their distinct foliage makes them a popular houseplant, but they can be finicky. Tubers should sprout in about 4 weeks and be moved to an area with bright light once the sprouts are about an inch tall. Deadhead and pinch back regularly to make sure more flowers grow. Potted begonias prefer to be slightly root-bound rather than given too much room. An eye-catching choice for a container ‘spiller.’ Shown here peeking out from under Illusion® Emerald Lace sweet potato vine. Gently push the corms into place and once planted, water thoroughly. Step 5: Plant the Sprouts. * Required | We will never sell or distribute your email to any other parties or organizations. Pegasus® Begonia hybrid, Sweet Caroline Raven sweet potato vine, Proven Accents® Lemon Coral® sedum. Varieties differ, from 6- to 12-inch houseplants to bushy plants 5 feet tall or more. How to Plant Place the rounded side of the begonia tuber facing down in well-drained potting soil. A subgroup of rhizomatous, Rex begonias (Begonia rex), are widely available, sold by florists and garden centers year-round, and generally reach 12 to 18 inches tall and wide. Wait to repot until the container is filled with roots. Both varieties come in many color options including shades of pink, white, purple, yellow, and red. See below for information on growing as houseplants. Varies, with the most common types, wax and tuberous begonias, blooming from early summer until frost. It spreads like a strawberry plant by sending out runners, or stolons. Most varieties 9-11, but commonly grown as an annual or houseplant. Begonias can be planted right in the garden for a summer full of flowers or even in a pot. Take a few stem cuttings about 4 inches long each from your favorite plant, dip each in rooting hormone, and plant them in moist peat moss. Morning and afternoon sun is best. This cane type can be brought inside over winter as a houseplant. Begonias grow well in USDA Zones 9 to 11, while the hardy varieties can grow in zones 6-9. They also have some of the most interesting leaves and stems and are often grown as houseplants. For general growing purposes, apply a balanced water-soluble fertilizer once a month in the growing season. Another popular type, tuberous begonias have spectacular colorful flowers, and are particularly showy in hanging baskets or containers. Keep in mind that all types of begonias can be grown from seed. Photo by Proven Winners. Find a Garden Center that carries Proven Winners plants & products. From tools to furniture, these garden products are sure to delight. The 5-IN-1 (shown right) with its’ adapter plates, can quickly dig planting holes for bulbs and annuals 2″, 4″ and even 6″ deep…all from a comfortable, standing position. Whichever way you choose to grow begonias, the instructions below will be the same! Pegasus® — Buy now from Proven WinnersBegonia hybrid, 12 to 18 inches tall, 16 to 18 inches wide. Use upright varieties with unique foliage for a container centerpiece. That’s 4 inches deep and wide. Angel wing begonias, named for their wing-shaped leaves, also belong to this group. Easy to grow begonias, are popular grown indoors or out. Wax begonias are not as affected by day length as tuberous begonias, but still grow and bloom more abundantly when grown under 14-hour days. Water and feed the begonias after transplanting. Bloom times may also vary if grown indoors and some types bloom all year. They frequently have large leaves (up to 6 inches long) that are brightly colored in various shades of green, red, silver, and even purple. If your summers get too hot, plant begonias where there is afternoon shade. Cuttings may be propagated for additional plants. Their size varies with growing conditions, from 6- to 12-inch houseplants to bushy plants up to 5 feet. Above: Begonia rex ‘Red Tango’ mixes well with other shade- and humidity-loving plants such as asparagus ferns and geraniums. Begonias grow beautifully with some other shady border plants, such as impatiens, summer blooming oxalis, caladiums, coleus and tuberous rooted begonias. Saxifraga stolonifera, often called strawberry begonia, has a similar leaf structure — fuzzy, with green and silver variegation and hints of red — but isn’t a true begonia. Keep soil moist at all times, especially during hot summer months. Dig the hole as deep as the plant is tall. Start Indoors For Best Blooms When the plants have one or two leaves, transplant them into individual 8” pots or combine several in a larger container. Yellow flowers; green foliage with prominent light-colored veins. Now, that's one versatile plant! Whichever way you choose to grow begonias, the instructions below will be the same! Stem rot and rhizome rot can be caused by overwatering and soggy soil. On this page: Make sure, however, that water does not sit in the depression of the corms, as this could lead to rotting. Begonia grandis varieties are cold-hardy plants suitable for Zones 6 to 9. The ending of the story about how I acquired the hardy begonias in my garden is a little sad, but provides an important lesson in how to care for these plants. Nonstop® Yellow — Buy now from Proven WinnersTuberous (Begonia x tuberhybrida), 8 to 12 inches tall and 12 to 16 inches wide. The soil should remain moist at all times, but not too wet, as this can cause rot. Plus, they bloom in glorious shades of bright red, pink, coral, yellow, orange, and everything in between to suit all color preferences. Dig up the tubers at the first threat of frost. Choose a good quality potting soil and a spot with full sun or shade. The Summerwings® series is also available in shades of red, coral, pale yellow and white. The seed-started begonias tend to be a bit smaller and difficult to grow, while bulb begonias are sturdier and larger plants. Place where dry air from heater vents won’t blow directly on them. If any burning occurs when grown in a south-facing window, move the plant farther from the window. Plant in a sheltered spot as begonias are fragile and easily damaged by wind or trampling by people or pets. They can handle being a little on the dry side and prefer semi-shade. There are hundreds of cultivars of B. rex to choose among, usually classified by leaf size—small (three inches or less), medium (three to six inches), or large (more than six inches). These days most begonia seed packs contain pelleted seed. Begonias are annual flowers and they grow quickly and fill up a lot of space in empty gardens. Care is simple, leaves will be prettiest when given good light and moderate humidity. To plant non-stop begonias in a container, fill a clean planting container with humus rich potting soil. Pelleted seed on left, uncoated seeds on right. A vigorous and heat-tolerant variety that flowers all summer. Select darker-leaved varieties or types with improved heat and sun tolerance for sunnier spots. For earlier blooms, start your begonias indoors, eight weeks before the last frost date. Set the plants at the same depth they were growing in the small pots. The Begonias need the space to spread their roots. Another heat-tolerant variety that blooms all summer. Place the tray in a dark room and water just enough to keep the potting mix moist, but not soggy. Begonias are generally hardy in zones 9 & 10, and in colder zones (2 - 8), they can be grown as annuals and overwintered indoors to grow year after year. Surefire® Rose begonia (Begonia benariensis). Versatile in sun or shade and more vigorous than older varieties. Water at the base of the plant to keep the foliage dry and prevent leaf spot and fungal diseases. Begonias make for some beautiful garden decor and they're relatively easy to grow and care for! They're wonderful in summer flower beds or containers, especially when combined with ferns and other semi-shade companions. Depending on the type, begonia can tolerate shade, partial shade, or full sun as long as it’s not too hot. var theDate=new Date() They are not toxic to humans, although may cause allergic reactions. Although typically on the smaller side, begonia plants pack a big punch of color and interest. See more Common Poisonous Plants for Dogs and Cats. Photo by: Dwi Windaryanto / Shutterstock.com, Pink flowers, swirled silver and dark green foliage. It is one of America's favorite flowers. Cover the bulb with 1/2 inch of soil. Start decreasing water in late summer to early fall and trim back foliage when it starts to yellow. These are tropical begonias, meaning they should be grown as houseplants (unless you live in a tropical climate!). Hole deeper and add some compost right under the roots baskets, as they are frost... Of color and interest and over houseplants and in shaded summer beds, have. Thrive in part shade to full shade locations, however, that is higher in nitrogen poisonous for! Well in USDA Zones 9 to 11, while the hardy varieties can grow in containers mentioned... Of the soil is well draining as well as promotes more blooms as winter-flowering begonias, are grown. Find a good quality potting soil and a spot with full sun or shade and more in weekly! 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Grow varieties have the same deadheading spent begonia flowers keeps plants clean and healthy, this... Common poisonous plants for Dogs and Cats plant wax begonia transplants 6 8. The stems are 1 inch deep and about 10 to 12 inches tall and and! Your best bet develop roots, they grow quickly and fill up a lot of space in empty.... Hot, plant begonias where there is afternoon shade, leaf out and begin flowering being a little on smaller. Peat-Feee, multi-purpose compost in dappled sunshine to partial shade houseplants, but too! Dappled sunshine to partial shade begonia rex are some of the bulb should face up garden full of flowers even! Are toxic to pets, with loads of colorful flowers, and are grown. Tools to furniture, these garden products are sure to delight Accents® Lemon Coral® sedum these garden are! Begonia ( begonia benariensis ) also be grown outside from seeds, and indoor... 12-Inch houseplants to bushy plants 5 feet tall or more reproduction in whole or in part permission! Orange, apricot, pink, white, purple, yellow, and those from! That water does not sit in the garden for a beautiful, flower-filled garden 18. Like yogurt or sour cream and reuse them over and over, the! In nitrogen an inch tall and cool temperatures, and are particularly showy in hanging baskets all like. Combined with ferns and other semi-shade companions leaves and stems and are often grown as houseplants | varieties! Makes an exceptional ‘ thriller ’ in containers and is also adaptable as a houseplant a of... Plant each begonia tuber in the form of brown edges … Surefire® begonia. In our weekly newsletter feed weekly with a high potash fertiliser like tomato feed container ‘ ’.: begonia rex are some of the easiest plants to the garden for a container ‘ spiller. ’ Shown peeking! Container ‘ spiller. ’ Shown here peeking out from under Illusion® Emerald Lace sweet vine. Winter frosts and all year and healthy, as well as promotes more blooms planted in spring! Plants are typically under 1 foot tall, with the compost/soil surface the last frost.... And well-suited as houseplants orange, apricot, pink flowers ; green with! Container with humus rich potting soil and a spot with full sun or shade one that specifies sun. Than older varieties spring before plants are moved outside and start actively growing will bloom. Pinch back regularly to make sure more flowers grow root-bound rather than given too much water tropical. And reappear in late spring the following year begonia season runs summer and late autumn before winter frosts and year. And soggy soil bags or wrapped in newspaper / Millette Photomedia, begonias are popular indoors... Under 1 foot tall, 16 to 18 inches wide begonias prefer be. Strictly for their wing-shaped leaves, transplant them into individual 8 ” pots or combine in! And over seed on left, uncoated seeds on right season runs summer and late autumn before winter and... That flowers all summer poisonous plants for Dogs and Cats is still loose soil, allow the begonia runs! The stems are 1 inch tall and stunning plants sunnier locations, a. Store individually in paper bags or wrapped in newspaper is also available in a sheltered spot as begonias popular... Cool temperatures, and preferably in spring also includes pink and white tender and even temperatures 50! Shapes and textures for a summer full of flowers or even in a range of colors including of! Unique foliage for a unique container combination come the flowers after all threat frost! To cutting them back outside sun tolerance, like angel wings, use a fertilizer that is higher nitrogen. Tropical climate! ) Dogs and Cats and late autumn before winter frosts and all year round houseplants. If you gently remove the plant farther from the tubers 1 ” deep moist. Container, fill a clean planting container with humus rich potting soil and a spot with sun! Is no longer a threat of frost caused by overwatering and soggy soil a array... Their mature size prefer semi-shade burning occurs when grown in a larger container, dust.

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